Dental implants today can replace missing teeth with natural looking crowns seated directly along the gum line. Implants are permanent and can help you to lead a normal life even after losing multiple teeth. You should know a little about four types of dental implants and the ways they differ.
Endosteal implants are very common today. These implants involve mounting a metal post or screw directly into the bone of the jaw under the gums. The post is implanted permanently. The top of the post aligns with the gums and acts like a tooth root. A crown is then placed on top of the post. One post will support one tooth. Two or more posts can be implanted to support a bridge of multiple crowns. Although very common, endosteal implants require patients to have strong bones.
Subperiosteal implants are designed for people who have low bone density or other irregularities that prevent mounting the posts in the jaw. These implants use a similar style of post. The difference is that the posts are positioned very precisely along the side of the jaw or on top of it in the soft tissue. The body heals around the post and secures it in place. A crown can then be worn on top just like with endosteal implants.
Implant Supported Dentures
Implant supported dentures like the All-on-Four system are made for people who have lost all or most of the teeth in the mouth. This system places four or more posts in carefully chosen positions at specific angles. The system requires implanting the posts in bone. The posts hold a complete dental ridge. The difference from other methods is that the load that each post supports is adjusted based on the density and thickness of the underlying bone. This system is safe, highly stable and comfortable. It is also a good option for people who are not candidates for endosteal or subperiosteal implants.
Blade form implants do not use individual posts. These are for people who need bridges and who have insufficient bone mass. Blade-form implants consist of a flat metal rectangle with two or more mounting pins coming out of the top. The blade is implanted alongside the jaw. The benefit of this system is added stability and simple positioning. Blade-form implants are used only in very specific situations when other options are inappropriate.
There are dental implants today for nearly every type of person. A dentist will be able to determine which option is the best for your jaw, teeth and gums. You might even be able to have a bone graft to increase the thickness of your jaw. Dental implants can change your life and make your mouth feel normal again.
Information Credit: Insero
By Meghan Belnap
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